Advanced Techniques

Phrase Searching

When two or more words are entered without surrounding quotation marks, only articles containing all of the terms will be returned. They may appear in any order and anywhere in the document.

To search for exact phrases, put quotation marks around the phrase (e.g. "Acme Corporation").

NOTE: Searching exact phrases in the First Name or Last Name field is not recommended for two reasons: (1) the order in which last and first names appear often differ (e.g. "Smith, William" vs. "William Smith"), and (2) sometimes a middle initial will be included (e.g. "William E. Smith" vs. "William Smith")

Boolean Operators

Boolean operators permit you to create more complex queries and can be combined with Wildcards and Proximity Operators. To formulate a more complex query that combines boolean operators, select "Advanced Search" on the search form. See the list below for examples.

Operator Definition Example
AND both terms must be present in the item. Sally AND Jones
OR either term must be present in the item. Sally OR Susan
NOT The word(s) following this operator cannot be present in the item Putney NOT Vermont

Proximity Operators

Proximity operators allow you to specify just how close two words must occur in a story to be included in your results. See the examples below.military NEAR/5 service - contains military and service within five words, in any order.

Wild Cards

Operator Definition Example
* Fills in a maximum of any five characters pollu*n
? Fills in any single character wom?n